Ottawa Men's Centre

 

Peter Roscoe's Research

 

 

 

                            

                        

               Gender Bias in Family Law at the

                 Court of Appeal Ontario 2007

 

 

 

 

 

  Peter Karl Roscoe

 

    Apr 2006, Revised Sept 2007

 

 

 

Part III                                   Discrimination by Year

 

 

Discrimination indexes may also be calculated for the court on the basis of issues. In appendixes B1 to B13 the cases heard by these 26 judges have been arranaged chronilogically and the results tabulated for each year

 

 

1996

 

The database contained 28 family cases for 1996 and 25 of them had data on cost penalties. 8 appeals were innitiated by females and 20 appeals by males. 1 cross appeals was brought by a man. The cases and their outcomes can be found in Appendix B2. A summary of the decisions is as follows

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

 Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

Number of Males

     0

     3

     1

     11

      7

         11

     6

    25

Number of Male Wins

     0

     0

     0

      2

      1

          4

     2

      1

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

Number of Females

     0

     1

     0

      2

      2

          2

     4

     25

Number of Female Wins

     0

     1

     0

      2

      2

          2

     2

     15

 

 

Summarized in percentage terms

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

% Chance of Male Win

     NA

    0.0

     0.0

    18.2

   14.2

      36.4

  12.5

   11.7

% Chance of Female Win

     NA

 100.0

     NA

  100.0

 100.0

    100.0

  50.0

   62.7

 

 

It can be concluded that in the overall result including costs, a woman had a (24/36 x 100) 66.7 % chance of winning, and a man had a (10/64 x 100) 15.6 % chance of winning in 1996. On appeal issues alone a woman had a (9/11 x 100) 81.8 % chance of winning, and a man had a (9/39 x 100) 23.0 % chance of winning. Success as decided by cost penalties assigned was 11.7 % in favor of men, 62.7 % in favor of females and divided 25.6 % of the time.

 

 

Overall Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 66.7 15.6 = 51.1 %

 

Appeal Issue Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 81.8 23.0 = 58.8 %

 

Cost Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 62.7 11.7 = 51.0 %

 

Female / Male Wins = 66.7 / 15.6 = 4.3

 

Win Index = ( Female Wins + Male Wins ) / 2 = ( 66.7 + 15.6) / 2 = 82.3 / 2 = 41.2 %

 

1997 Cases

 

The database contained 17 family cases for 1997 and 16 of them had data on cost penalties. 8 appeals were innitiated by females and 9 appeals by males. 1 cross appeal was brought by a woman. The cases and their outcomes can be found in Appendix B3. A summary of the decisions is as follows

 

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

 Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

Number of Males

     1

     0

     0

      3

      1

          5

     5

   16

Number of Male Wins

     0

     0

     0

      1

      0

          3

     0

     4

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

Number of Females

     0

     0

     1

      5

      1

          3

     3

    16

Number of Female Wins

     0

     0

     0

      4

      1

          0

     2

      9

 

 

 

Summarized in percentage terms

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

% Chance of Male Win

     0.0

    NA

     NA

    33.3

     0.0

      6 0.0

   0.0

   25.0

% Chance of Female Win

     NA

    NA

  100.0

      0.0

 100.0

        0.0

  66.7

   56.3

 

 

 

It can be concluded that in the overall result including costs, a woman had a (17/29 x 100) 58.6 % chance of winning, and a man has a (8/31 x 100) 25.8 % chance of winning in 1997. On appeal issues alone a woman had a (8/13 x 100) 61.5 % chance of winning, and a man had a (4/15 x 100) 26.7 % chance of winning. Success as decided by cost penalties assigned was 25.0 % in favor of men, 56.3 % in favor of females and divided 18.7 % of the time.

 

 

 

Overall Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 58.6 25.0 = 32.8 %

 

Appeal Issue Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 61.5 26.7 = 34.8 %

 

Cost Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 56.3 25.0 = 31.3 %

 

 

 

Female / Male Wins = 58.6 / 25.0 = 2.3

 

Win Index = ( Female Wins + Male Wins ) / 2 = ( 58.6 +25.01) / 2 = 83.6 / 2 = 41.8 %

 

1998 Cases

 

The database contained 21 family cases for 1987 and 19 of them had data on cost penalties. 9 appeals were innitiated by females and 12 appeals by males. 1 cross appeal was brought by a woman and 1 by a man. The cases and their outcomes can be found in Appendix B4 A summary of the decisions is as follows

 

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

 Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

Number of Males

     1

     1

     1

      2

      2

          4

     4

    19

Number of Male Wins

     0

     0

     0

      0

      0

          0

     2

     2

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

Number of Females

     0

     0

     1

      1

      1

          3

     6

     19

Number of Female Wins

     0

     0

     1

      0

      1

          1

     3

     12

 

 

 

Summarized in percentage terms

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

% Chance of Male Win

     0.0

    0.0

     0.0

      0.0

     0.0

        0.0

  50.0

   10.5

% Chance of Female Win

     NA

    NA

 100.0

      0.0

10 0.0

       33.3

  50.0

   63.2

 

 

 

It can be concluded that in the overall result including costs, a woman had a (18/31 x 100) 58.1 % chance of winning, and a man had a (4/34 x 100) 11.8 % chance of winning in 1998. On appeal issues alone a woman had a (6/12 x 100) 50.0 % chance of winning, and a man had a (2/15 x 100) 13.3 % chance of winning. Success as decided by cost penalties assigned was 10.5 % in favor of men, 63.2 % in favor of females and divided 26.3 % of the time.

 

 

 

Overall Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 58.1 11.8 = 46.3 %

 

Appeal Issue Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 33.3 12.5 = 20.8 %

 

Cost Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 50.0 13.3 = 36.7 %

 

 

 

Female / Male Wins = 58.1 / 11.8 = 4.9

 

Win Index = ( Female Wins + Male Wins ) / 2 = ( 58.1 + 11.8) / 2 = 69.9 / 2 = 35.0 %

 

1999 Cases

 

The database contained 51 family cases for 1999 and 48 of them had data on cost penalties. 25 appeals were innitiated by females and 26 appeals by males. 1 cross appeal was brought by a woman and 2 by men. The cases and their outcomes can be found in Appendix B5. A summary of the decisions is as follows

 

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

 Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

Number of Males

     1

     1

     2

     10

      7

          6

    11

    48

Number of Male Wins

     0

     0

     1

      4

      2

          2

     2

     8

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

Number of Females

     4

     1

     1

     13

      9

          4

     7

     48

Number of Female Wins

     4

     1

     1

     11

      4

          3

     3

     29

 

 

 

Summarized in percentage terms

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

% Chance of Male Win

     0.0

    0.0

    50.0

     40.0

    28.6

       33.3

  18.2

   16.7

% Chance of Female Win

 100.0

 100.0

  100.0

     84.6

    44.4

       75.0

  42.9

   60.4

 

 

 

It can be concluded that in the overall result including costs, a woman had a (56/87 x 100) 64.4 % chance of winning, and a man had a (19/86 x 100) 22.1 % chance of winning in 1999. On appeal issues alone a woman had a (27/39 x 100) 69.2 % chance of winning, and a man had a (11/38 x 100) 28.9 % chance of winning. Success as decided by cost penalties assigned was 16.7 % in favor of men, 60.4 % in favor of females and divided 22.9 % of the time.

 

 

 

Overall Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 64.4 22.1 = 42.3 %

 

Appeal Issue Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 69.2 28.9 = 40.3 %

 

Cost Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 60.4 22.9 = 37.5 %

 

 

 

Female / Male Wins = 64.4 / 22.1 = 2.9

 

Win Index = ( Female Wins + Male Wins ) / 2 = ( 64.4 +22.1) / 2 = 86.5 / 2 = 43.3 %

 

2000 Cases

 

The database contained 17 family cases for 2000 and 14 of them had data on cost penalties. 6 appeals were innitiated by females and 11 appeals by males. 1 cross appeal was brought by a woman and 3 by men. The cases and their outcomes can be found in Appendix B6. A summary of the decisions is as follows

 

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

 Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

Number of Males

     2

     0

     0

      2

      5

          3

     6

    14

Number of Male Wins

     0

     0

     0

      1

      3

          0

     0

     1

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

Number of Females

     0

     1

     0

      5

      0

          2

     3

     14

Number of Female Wins

     0

     1

     0

      3

      0

          1

     1

      7

 

 

 

Summarized in percentage terms

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

% Chance of Male Win

     0.0

    NA

     NA

     50.0

    60.0

        0.0

   0.0

    7.1

% Chance of Female Win

     NA

 100.0

     NA

     60.0

     NA

       50.0

  33.3

   50.0

 

 

 

It can be concluded that in the overall result including costs, a woman had a (12/25 x 100) 48.0 % chance of winning, and a man had a (5/32 x 100) 15.6 % chance of winning in 2000. On appeal issues alone a woman had a (5/11 x 100) 45.5 % chance of winning, and a man had a (4/18 x 100) 22.2 % chance of winning. Success as decided by cost penalties assigned was 48.0 % in favor of men, 63.2 % in favor of females and divided 15.7 % of the time.

 

 

 

Overall Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 48.0 15.6 = 32.4 %

 

Appeal Issue Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 45.5 22.2 = 23.3 %

 

Cost Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 50.0 7.1 = 42.9 %

 

 

 

Female / Male Wins = 48.0 / 15.6 = 3.1

 

Win Index = ( Female Wins + Male Wins ) / 2 = ( 48.0 + 15.6) / 2 = 63.6 / 2 = 31.8 %

 

2001 Cases

 

The database contained 36 family cases for 2001 and all of them had data on cost penalties. 12 appeals were innitiated by females and 24 appeals by males. 3 cross appeals were brought by women and 1 by a man. The cases and their outcomes can be found in Appendix B7. A summary of the decisions is as follows

 

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

 Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

Number of Males

     2

     2

     0

      9

      5

          9

    11

    36

Number of Male Wins

     0

     1

     0

      0

      0

          3

     1

     4

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

Number of Females

     2

     0

     1

      3

      3

          3

     2

     36

Number of Female Wins

     0

     0

     0

      2

      3

          1

     1

     25

 

 

 

Summarized in percentage terms

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

% Chance of Male Win

     0.0

   50.0

     NA

      0.0

     0.0

       33.3

   9.1

   11.1

% Chance of Female Win

     0.0

    NA

     0.0

    66.7

 100.0

       33.3

  50.0

   69.4

 

 

 

It can be concluded that in the overall result including costs, a woman had a (32/50 x 100) 64.0 % chance of winning, and a man had a (7/72 x 100) 9.7 % chance of winning in 2001. On appeal issues alone a woman had a (7/14 x 100) 50.0 % chance of winning, and a man had a (3/36 x 100) 8.3 % chance of winning. Success as decided by cost penalties assigned was 11.1 % in favor of men, 69.4 % in favor of females and divided 19.5 % of the time.

 

 

 

Overall Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 64.0 9.7 = 54.3 %

 

Appeal Issue Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 50.0 8.3 = 51.7 %

 

Cost Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 69.4 11.1 = 58.3 %

 

 

 

Female / Male Wins = 64.0 / 9.7 = 6.6

 

Win Index = ( Female Wins + Male Wins ) / 2 = ( 64.0 +9.7 ) / 2 = 73.7 / 2 = 36.9 %

 

2002 Cases

 

The database contained 34 family cases for 2002 and 32 of them had data on cost penalties. 14 appeals were innitiated by females and 20 appeals by males. 5 cross appeals were brought by women and 2 by men. The cases and their outcomes can be found in Appendix B8. A summary of the decisions is as follows

 

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

 Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

Number of Males

     3

     2

     2

      3

      9

          3

    11

    32

Number of Male Wins

     0

     1

     0

      1

      4

          0

     8

     4

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

Number of Females

     2

     0

     3

      3

      5

          2

     6

     32

Number of Female Wins

     1

     0

     3

      1

      2

          2

     3

     21

 

 

 

Summarized in percentage terms

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

% Chance of Male Win

     0.0

   50.0

     0.0

     33.3

    44.4

        0.0

  72.7

   12.5

% Chance of Female Win

   5 0.0

    NA

 100.0

     33.3

    40.0

    100.0

  50.0

   65.6

 

 

 

It can be concluded that in the overall result including costs, a woman had a (34/46 x 100) 73.9 % chance of winning, and a man had a (18/58 x 100) 31.0 % chance of winning in 2002. On appeal issues alone a woman had a (13/21 x 100) 61.9 % chance of winning, and a man had a (14/33 x 100) 42.0 % chance of winning. Success as decided by cost penalties assigned was 12.5 % in favor of men, 65.6 % in favor of females and divided 21.9 % of the time.

 

 

 

Overall Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 73.9 31.0 = 42.9 %

 

Appeal Issue Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 61.9 42.0 = 19.9 %

 

Cost Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 65.6 12.5 = 53.1 %

 

 

 

Female / Male Wins = 73.9 / 31.0 = 2.4

 

Win Index = ( Female Wins + Male Wins ) / 2 = ( 73.9 + 31.0) / 2 = 104.9 / 2 = 52.5 %

 

2003 Cases

 

The database contained 37 family cases for 2003 and 34 of them had data on cost penalties. 14 appeals were innitiated by females and 23 appeals by males. 4 cross appeals were brought by women. The cases and their outcomes can be found in Appendix B9 A summary of the decisions is as follows

 

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

 Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

Number of Males

     1

     2

     2

      8

      8

          3

    12

    34

Number of Male Wins

     0

     0

     1

      1

      4

          1

     2

     7

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

Number of Females

     0

     1

     1

      5

      2

          4

     9

     34

Number of Female Wins

     0

     1

     1

      3

      2

          1

     6

     19

 

 

 

Summarized in percentage terms

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

% Chance of Male Win

     0.0

    0.0

    50.0

     12.5

    50.0

       33.3

  16.7

   20.6

% Chance of Female Win

     NA

 100.0

 100.0

     60.0

  100.0

       25.0

  66.7

   62.7

 

 

 

It can be concluded that in the overall result including costs, a woman had a (36/57 x 100) 63.2 % chance of winning, and a man had a (16/69 x 100) 23.1 % chance of winning in 2003. On appeal issues alone a woman had a (17/23 x 100) 73.9 % chance of winning, and a man had a (9/35 x 100) 25.7 % chance of winning. Success as decided by cost penalties assigned was 20.6 % in favor of men, 62.7 % in favor of females and divided 16.7 % of the time.

 

 

 

Overall Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 63.2 23.1 = 40.1 %

 

Appeal Issue Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 73.9 25.7 = 48.2 %

 

Cost Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 62.7 20.6 = 42.1 %

 

 

 

Female / Male Wins = 63.2 / 23.1 = 2.7

 

Win Index = ( Female Wins + Male Wins ) / 2 = ( 63.2 + 23.1) / 2 = 86.3 / 2 = 43.2 %

 

2004 Cases

 

The database contained 42 family cases for 2004 and 38 of them had data on cost penalties. 14 appeals were innitiated by females and 28 appeals by males. 1 cross appeal was brought by a man. The cases and their outcomes can be found in Appendix B10. A summary of the decisions is as follows

 

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

 Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

Number of Males

     7

     4

     1

     15

      9

          9

    11

    38

Number of Male Wins

     0

     1

     0

      2

      1

          1

     0

     6

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

Number of Females

     0

     1

     0

      7

      2

          2

     6

     38

Number of Female Wins

     0

     0

     0

      4

      1

          1

     3

     24

 

 

 

Summarized in percentage terms

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

% Chance of Male Win

     0.0

   25.0

     0.0

    13.3

    11.1

       11.1

   0.0

   15.8

% Chance of Female Win

     NA

    0.0

     NA

    57.1

    50.0

       50.0

  50.0

   63.2

 

 

 

It can be concluded that in the overall result including costs, a woman had a (33/57 x 100) 57.9 % chance of winning, and a man had a (14/93 x 100) 14.9 % chance of winning in 2004. On appeal issues alone a woman to had a (9/19 x 100) 47.4 % chance of winning, and a man had a (5/56 x 100) 8.9 % chance of winning. Success as decided by cost penalties assigned was 15.8 % in favor of men, 63.2 % in favor of females and divided 21.0 % of the time.

 

 

 

Overall Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 57.9 14.9 = 43.0 %

 

Appeal Issue Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 47.4 8.9 = 38.5 %

 

Cost Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 63.2 15.8 = 47.4 %

 

 

 

Female / Male Wins = 57.9 / 14.9 = 3.9

 

Win Index = ( Female Wins + Male Wins ) / 2 = ( 57.9 + 14.9 ) / 2 = 72.8 / 2 = 36.4 %

 

2005 Cases

 

The database contained 46 family cases for 2005 and 40 of them had data on cost penalties. 17 appeals were innitiated by females and 29 appeals by males. 4 cross appeals were brought by women and 1 by a man. The cases and their outcomes can be found in Appendix B11. A summary of the decisions is as follows

 

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

 Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

Number of Males

     4

     3

     0

     10

     12

          7

    12

    40

Number of Male Wins

     0

     1

     0

      4

      5

          0

     3

     4

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

Number of Females

     4

     2

     0

      8

      7

          0

     8

     40

Number of Female Wins

     2

     2

     0

      6

      4

          0

     4

     26

 

 

 

Summarized in percentage terms

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

% Chance of Male Win

     0.0

   33.3

     NA

     40.0

    41.4

        0.0

  25.0

   10.0

% Chance of Female Win

   50.0

 100.0

     NA

     75.0

    57.1

        NA

  50.0

   65.0

 

 

 

It can be concluded that in the overall result including costs, a woman had a (44/69 x 100) 63.6 % chance of winning, and a man had a (17/88 x 100) 19.3 % chance of winning in 2005. On appeal issues alone a woman had a (18/29 x 100) 62.1 % chance of winning, and a man had a (13/48 x 100) 27.1 % chance of winning. Success as decided by cost penalties assigned was 10.0 % in favor of men, 65.0 % in favor of females and divided 25.0 % of the time.

 

 

 

Overall Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 63.6 19.3 = 44.5 %

 

Appeal Issue Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 62.1 27.1 = 35.0 %

 

Cost Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 65.0 10.0 = 55.0 %

 

 

 

Female / Male Wins = 63.6 / 19.3 = 3.3

 

Win Index = ( Female Wins + Male Wins ) / 2 = ( 63.6 + 19.3 ) / 2 = 82.9 / 2 = 41.5 %

 

2006 Cases

 

The database contained 57 family cases for 2006 and 54 of them had data on cost penalties. 15 appeals were innitiated by females and 42 appeals by males. 1 cross appeal was brought by a man. The cases and their outcomes can be found in Appendix 12. A summary of the decisions is as follows

 

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

 Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

Number of Males

     3

     3

     1

     11

      8

          7

    23

    51

Number of Male Wins

     0

     1

     0

      3

      3

          5

    11

    11

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

Number of Females

     4

     1

     0

      5

      2

          1

   10

     51

Number of Female Wins

     2

     0

     0

      3

      2

          1

     6

     31

 

 

 

Summarized in percentage terms

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

% Chance of Male Win

     0.0

  33.3

     0.0

     27.2

    37.5

      71.4

  16.7

   21.5

% Chance of Female Win

   50.0

    0.0

     NA

     60.0

  100.0

     100.0

  42.8

   60.8

 

 

 

It can be concluded that in the overall result including costs, a woman had a (45/77 x 100) 58.4 % chance of winning, and a man had a (33/109 x 100) 30.5 % chance of winning in 2006. On appeal issues alone a woman had a (14/23 x 100) 60.9 % chance of winning, and a man had a (22/55 x 100) 40 % chance of winning. Success as decided by cost penalties assigned was 21.5 % in favor of men, 60.8 % in favor of females and divided 17.7 % of the time.

 

 

 

Overall Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 58.4 30.5 = 27.9 %

 

Appeal Issue Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 60.9 40.0 = 20.9 %

 

Cost Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 60.8 21.5 = 39.3 %

 

 

 

Female / Male Wins = 58.4 / 30.5 = 1.9

 

Win Index = ( Female Wins + Male Wins ) / 2 = ( 58.4 + 30.5) / 2 = 88.9 / 2 = 44.5 %

 

2007 Cases ( partial )

 

The database contained 32 family cases up to Sept 2007 and 31 of them had data on cost penalties. 10 appeals were innitiated by females and 22 appeals by males. The cases and their outcomes can be found in Appendix B13. A summary of the decisions is as follows

 

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

 Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

Number of Males

     3

     1

     0

      8

      9

          4

    10

    31

Number of Male Wins

     1

     1

     0

      3

      1

          1

     0

     7

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

Number of Females

     0

     0

     1

      1

      2

          3

     1

     31

Number of Female Wins

     0

     0

     0

      0

      0

          1

     1

     18

 

 

 

Summarized in percentage terms

 

 

Appellant

Custody

 Access

Mobility

 Spousal

 Support

  Child

 Support

Equalization

Other

Costs

% Chance of Male Win

    33.3

 100.0

     NA

    37.5

   11.1

       25.0

    0.0

   22.5

% Chance of Female Win

     NA

    NA

     0.0

      0.0

     0.0

       33.3

 100.0

   58.1

 

 

 

It can be concluded that in the overall result including costs, a woman had a (21/44 x 100) 47.7 % chance of winning, and a man had a (14/59 x 100) 23.7 % chance of winning in 2007. On appeal issues alone a woman had a (3/13 x 100) 23.1 % chance of winning, and a man had a (7/28 x 100) 25.0 % chance of winning. Success as decided by cost penalties assigned was 22.5 % in favor of men, 58.1 % in favor of females and divided 19.4 % of the time.

 

 

 

Overall Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 47.7 23.1 = 24.6 %

 

Appeal Issue Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 23.1 25.0 = (1.9 ) %

 

Cost Discrimination Index = % Female Wins - % Male Wins = 58.1 22.5 = 35.6 %

 

 

 

Female / Male Wins = 47.7 / 23.1 = 2.1

 

Win Index = ( Female Wins + Male Wins ) / 2 = ( 47.7 + 23.1) / 2 = 70.8 / 2 = 35.4 %

 

 

Summary of Yearly Data

 

 

 

          Year

% Female Wins

  % Male Wins

   Discrimination .       ..       Index

     Standard             .    Deviation

 

 

 

 

 

    Pre 1996 (partial)

        57.8

          18.5

          39.4

 

          1996

        66.7

          15.6

          51.1

 

          1997

        58.6

           25.0

          32.8

 

          1998

        58.1

           11.8

          46.3

 

          1999

        64.4

           22.1

          42.2

 

          2000

        48.0

           15.6

          32.4

 

          2001

        64.0

             9.7

          54.3

 

          2002

        73.9

           31.0

          42.9

 

          2003

        63.2

           23.1

          40.1

 

          2004

        57.9

           14.9

          43.0

 

          2005

        63.6

           19.3

          44.5

 

          2006

        58.4

           30.5

          27.9

 

          2007 (partial)

        47.7

           23.1

          24.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

           Mean

        60.1

          20.0

          40.1

 

          Median

        58.6

          19.3

          42.2

 

  Standard Deviation

          7.1

             6.5

            8.7

 

 

 

 

For Discrimination Index values

 

 

         P = 0.81

 

         95% confidence interval for actual Mean: 34.9 thru 45.3

 

         Third Quartile = 57.2, First Quartile = 42.1